Frequently asked questions aout HIV AIDS


What is the test-and-treat strategy?
The test-and-treat strategy advocates routine testing for, and treatment of, HIV infections as soon as they are confirmed (regardless of a person’s CD4 count or viral load) to stop the progression of the disease and to stop the spread of the HIV virus. This strategy, also known as treatment as prevention, has gained support in the past year among scientists and political leaders alike.

How will you implement the test-and-treat strategy?
Test & Treat to End AIDS is not an implementing entity — it is an advocacy organization. TTEA has successfully advocated for funding several large-scale, test-and-treat proof-of-concept research studies. In November 2011, then-Secretary of State Hillary Clinton pledged $110 million to step up studies of test-and-treat and other prevention strategies. This will help determine the strategies’ effectiveness in stopping the transmission of the HIV virus, reducing costs, saving lives and determining the strategies’ scalability. TTEA continues to monitor progress in and support for the government’s scale-up of these so-called “combination prevention” efforts.

What did Secretary Clinton say about test-and-treat and achieving the goal of “an AIDS-free generation”?
Speaking at the National Institutes of Health on November 8, 2011, Secretary Clinton marked the 30th anniversary of the identification of the virus that causes AIDS by calling for a renewed push to stem the pandemic.

She focused on three key interventions that have been shown to combat HIV transmission: increasing efforts to stop infected pregnant women from passing the virus to their babies; expanding voluntary medical male circumcision; and scaling up testing and immediate treatment of people living with HIV.

“None of the interventions can create an AIDS-free generation by itself,” she said. “But used in combination with each other and with other powerful prevention methods, they do present an extraordinary opportunity. … Creating an AIDS-free generation has never been a policy priority for the United States government until today, because this goal would have been unimaginable just a few years ago.”

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